Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 7(9A), pp. 117 - 124
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2019.071614
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The Computer Assisted Instruction Model Based on a Combination of Tutorial Model and Drill and Practice Model in the Instructional Design of Database Systems in Information Technology Colleges


Ruliah 1,2,*, Zulfiati Syahrial 1, Hartati Muchtar 1
1 State University of Jakarta, Indonesia
2 STMIK Banjarbaru, Indonesia

ABSTRACT

The traditional face-to-face teaching methods in the class that emphasize teaching-centered learning systems caused teachers to be unable to deliver teaching material thoroughly because of the limited time. The Computer Assisted Instruction (CAI) model presents learning by using a variety of media, both in the form of text, images, and in the way of interactive videos, so that it helps the learning process effectively and helps students to set the pace of learning independently anytime and anywhere. Interconnection of the CAI model with online-based technology also helps students improve their learning creativity, because diverse learning resources support it. This paper presents CAI conceptual models based on a combination of Tutorial models and Drill and Practice models, which are supported by online technology to provide conceptual understanding at the beginning of learning and offer exercises to develop creativity and test students' abilities in the final stages of learning Database Systems. The evaluation results on limited trials show that the CAI model design based on a combination of Tutorial models and Drill and Practice models much motivates students to learn and improve mastery of competencies in the Database System. Another finding in this paper is the need to provide adequate guidance for the application of CAI in its use, and the obligation to provide more effective designs when CAI applications are designed to connect to systems that offer to teach resources online, so students really can use CAI as an auxiliary media active learning for independent learning.

KEYWORDS
Interactive Learning Media, Computer Assisted Instruction, Drill and Practice, Tutorial, Database System

Cite this paper
Ruliah , Zulfiati Syahrial , Hartati Muchtar . "The Computer Assisted Instruction Model Based on a Combination of Tutorial Model and Drill and Practice Model in the Instructional Design of Database Systems in Information Technology Colleges." Universal Journal of Educational Research 7.9A (2019) 117 - 124. doi: 10.13189/ujer.2019.071614.