Advances in Economics and Business Vol. 7(2), pp. 92 - 100
DOI: 10.13189/aeb.2019.070204
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Application of Gap Model in Finding Service Quality Gaps: Comparative Study on Domestic and Foreign Banks Operating in Pakistan


Kinza Yousfani 1,*, Hassan Ali Solangi 2, Ali Gul Lakhiar 2
1 Department of Management Science, Faculty of Commerce, Economics & Management Sciences, Isra University, Pakistan
2 Department of Management Science, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, SZABIST, Pakistan

ABSTRACT

The banking sector of Pakistan is growing with every passing year and the quality plays a major role in the developed banking sector. To retain loyal customers quality service is vital. Though, quality and customer service are major driving forces in the business community. Moreover, the product's quality is its capability which satisfies customers' expectations and needs. SERVQUAL scale questionnaire is used as research instrument which was developed by Parasuraman et al. (1988) which quantify the expected quality of banking services of selected samples of banks including domestic and foreign banks in Pakistan. The basic aim of this paper is to investigate the service quality and its relationship among domestic and foreign banks operating in Pakistan. A total of 300 respondents (account holders) were surveyed out of which, 50 account holders for each of the 6 banks including domestic and foreign Banks were surveyed. The sample selected is nonrandom convenient sampling method. This study is descriptive as well as comparative. The results, therefore, suggest that Bank Al-Falah has favorable gap scores in terms of Tangibility, Reliability, and Responsibility. Whereas Soneri Bank earned average Gap Scores in Assurance and Empathy. Also, national bank performed as less service quality measure and holding gap scores greater than all the other banks. Hence, therefore, this research indicates that all independent variables tangibility, empathy, reliability, assurance, responsibility, and empathy have significant relationship dependent variables consumer perceive quality. This study offers practical help to researchers and practitioners in providing a direction for service quality improvement by indicating the common theme that develops the service quality model.

KEYWORDS
SERVQUAL, Tangibility, Reliability, Responsibility, Empathy, Assurance, Perceived Service, Expected Service

Cite this paper
Kinza Yousfani , Hassan Ali Solangi , Ali Gul Lakhiar . "Application of Gap Model in Finding Service Quality Gaps: Comparative Study on Domestic and Foreign Banks Operating in Pakistan." Advances in Economics and Business 7.2 (2019) 92 - 100. doi: 10.13189/aeb.2019.070204.