Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 7(1), pp. 293 - 297
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2019.070137
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The Effects of Exercise Preferences on Body Fat and Body Mass Index by Self-report

Sema Can 1,*, Erkan Demirkan 1, Serkan Ercan 2
1 Faculty of Sports Sciences, Hitit University, Turkey
2 Institute of Health Sciences, Hitit University, Turkey


Body fat (BF) and body mass index (BMI) that including physical fitness with health is important to protect and improve to the health. The aim of this study is to examine the effects of exercise preferences on BMI, body fat according to by self-report. A total of 442 volunteers, including 180 female and 262 male participated in the study. Body weight, height, BF and exercise preferences of participants who were members of the physical activity center were obtained according to their self-reports. Body fat analysis was determined by the BIA method (Tanita SC 330). In the analysis of the data, in addition to frequency and percentage values, independent t-test was used to compare between the genders and paired t-test was used for pre and post study in genders. Aerobic exercises affected in male body weight, BMI and BF (p<0.05), in strength exercises only BF affected (p<0.05), in combined exercises it was found that both genders significantly affected on all variables (p<0.05). As a conclusion, combine exercises in both of gender, compared with only aerobic and strength, was found that have a more positive effect on body mass index and body fat.

Body Fat, Body Mass Index, Exercise

Cite this paper
Sema Can , Erkan Demirkan , Serkan Ercan . "The Effects of Exercise Preferences on Body Fat and Body Mass Index by Self-report." Universal Journal of Educational Research 7.1 (2019) 293 - 297. doi: 10.13189/ujer.2019.070137.