Sociology and Anthropology Vol. 6(9), pp. 739 - 749
DOI: 10.13189/sa.2018.060906
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Identity, Modernity, Communication: Contributions to Think Afro-Ecuadorian Cultural Identity


Bruno Santos N. Dias 1,*, Pedro Fornaciari Grabois 2
1 College of Social Sciences and Humanities, San Francisco University of Quito (USFQ), Ecuador
2 Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Rio de Janeiro (IFRJ), Brazil

ABSTRACT

The objective of this paper is to analyze the Afro-Ecuadorian identity and how it conforms a political and theoretical place of objection and claim of fundamental importance. The paper progresses through three methodological stages. The first of these is a conceptual analysis of the notion of identity within a discussion about essentialism and the role of discourse in the making of race, racism and racial identities. Second, we discuss some notions related to the question of modernity to understand the exclusionary condition of blacks in the construction of the Ecuadorian state and its subsequent organizational processes, as well as to pinpoint the problematic definition of "miscegenation" and its debate in relation to perceptions about the Afro-Ecuadorian identity. The third stage proposes a contemporary view of this issue, where communication plays a constitutive role. Communication and its technological changes have accompanied and paved the way for the "progress" of modern societies for a long time, such that modernity itself would not be possible without technological communication. To this effect, communication guides us to an understanding of the dynamics of inclusion and exclusion, domination and resistance that come together to make this a racist country, while allowing us to observe various processes related to affirming Afro-Ecuadorian identities.

KEYWORDS
Afro-Ecuadorian Identity, Coloniality, Communication, Modernity

Cite this paper
Bruno Santos N. Dias , Pedro Fornaciari Grabois . "Identity, Modernity, Communication: Contributions to Think Afro-Ecuadorian Cultural Identity." Sociology and Anthropology 6.9 (2018) 739 - 749. doi: 10.13189/sa.2018.060906.