International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences Vol. 6(2), pp. 23 - 29
DOI: 10.13189/saj.2018.060201
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Limits of Stability, Tandem Walk, and Adaptation Test in Individuals with Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis: A Case-control Comparison with Knee OA and Healthy Knee Controls


Hyoungjin Park 1,*, Taewoon Jung 2
1 Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, 330 River Rd 210 Movement Studies Athens, GA. 30602, USA
2 Department of Therapeutic Horse Riding, Jeonju Kijeon College, South Korea

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to compare adults with knee OA and "healthy knee" controls on balance ability by matching gender, age, mass, height, and BMI. Twenty-eight adults, 14 with medically diagnosed knee osteoarthritis and 14 with "healthy knee" status, were evaluated on dynamic balance as measured by the NeuroCom Balance Master® Limits of stability, tandem walk, and adaptation test protocols. Outcomes measured reaction time, movement velocity, maximum excursion, directional control for the limits of stability and speed, step width, endpoint sway velocity for the tandem walk test, and sway energy score for the adaptation test. The results showed that the "healthy knee" control subjects exhibited statistically significantly better results on all measures tested, however, this study did suggest balance deficits in individuals with knee OA may be better assessed for fall risk if placed in the situation where body weight is put forward, as these movements better mimic their activities of daily living.

KEYWORDS
Knee Osteoarthritis, Limits of Stability, Tandem Walk, Dynamic Balance

Cite this paper
Hyoungjin Park , Taewoon Jung . "Limits of Stability, Tandem Walk, and Adaptation Test in Individuals with Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis: A Case-control Comparison with Knee OA and Healthy Knee Controls." International Journal of Human Movement and Sports Sciences 6.2 (2018) 23 - 29. doi: 10.13189/saj.2018.060201.