Sociology and Anthropology Vol. 6(5), pp. 465 - 477
DOI: 10.13189/sa.2018.060503
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Effects of Economic Crisis on International Circulators to Hungary

Sándor Illés 1,*, Áron Kincses 2
1 Mobility and Migration Research Group, Active Society Foundation, H-1094 Budapest, Liliom u. 8, Hungary
2 Hungarian Central Statistical Office, H-1024 Budapest, Keleti Károly u. 2-4, Hungary


Circular mobilities have become frequent during the era of globalisation. This contribution provides empirical evidence relevant to the long-term international circular migrants admitted into Hungary in economic crisis period 2009-2012 in comparison with before decline of 2006-2008. The principal aim of this paper is to quantify some socio-demographic effects of economic crisis on the international circulators. Initially, we define the circulation within the conceptual framework between the continuum of transnationalism and translocalism. This is achieved by performing the critical literature review on definitions of circulation followed by the international migration and economic contexts. Then we analyse macro-scale data set on long-term international circular migrants based on an original statistical method. In the light of absolute and relative indicators we study changes in time series of circulators in comparison with first immigrants as reference group. We seek to gain insight into the change of socio-demographic composition of international circulators by gender, age and family status. We embed the empirical results into the recent migratory context and try to find possible explanations and interpretations of the effects measured. Lastly, we guess a new characteristic of multiple movers, namely international circulators are partially resistant to some negative effects of economic crisis.

International Migration, Circular Migration, Socio-demographic Effect, Economic Crisis, Hungary

Cite this paper
Sándor Illés , Áron Kincses . "Effects of Economic Crisis on International Circulators to Hungary." Sociology and Anthropology 6.5 (2018) 465 - 477. doi: 10.13189/sa.2018.060503.