Sociology and Anthropology Vol. 6(4), pp. 386 - 391
DOI: 10.13189/sa.2018.060405
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Divorce Status and Its Major Reasons in Pakistan


Shazia Ramzan 1, Saira Akhtar 2, Shabbir Ahmad 3,*, Muhammad Umar Zafar 4, Haroon Yousaf 2
1 Department of Islamic Studies, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
2 Department of Rural Sociology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan
3 University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Sub Campus Burewala, Pakistan
4 Department of Sociology, Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan

ABSTRACT

The family is the fundamental unit of society. It creates tribes, clans, communities, societies and nations. Moreover, family is responsible for the wellbeing, personality development, and progress of the individual. Divorce, on the other hand, produces chaos in the family life and instead of achieving the above cited objective vitally damages the social life of the conjugal partners along with the children and the families of both partners. Divorce is not a desirable act in any religion of the world. Islam is the major religion of the world and dislike divorce that is why there is a considerable difference in the divorce rate in Islam as compared to the other religions of the world. Present study was conducted in Pakistan. Punjab province was selected randomly. Three districts were selected from the Punjab province by simple random sampling technique. A total of two hundred affected persons/informants (130 males and 70 females), and 100 unaffected informants/ persons (50 males and 50 females) (300 in total), were interviewed including. The informants were selected randomly, and no appointment was made prior to the visits. Informant Consensus Factor (ICF), The Fidelity Level (FL), Direct Matrix Ranking, and Preference Ranking (PR) were employed during the data analysis process. As far as the results of this research study are concerned we came to know 9.66 % respondents were of the view that financial problems, 14.83% blamed unemployment, 5.62% pointed out lack of trust, 6. 74% said higher education, 5.17% informed religious conflict, and 5.62 said misunderstanding were the major reasons of their respective divorces. The study concluded that divorce rate in Pakistan is increasing gradually which will be a devastating thing for the survival of family life.

KEYWORDS
Divorce, Misunderstanding, Unemployment, Depression, Extramarital Affairs, Conjugal Conflict

Cite this paper
Shazia Ramzan , Saira Akhtar , Shabbir Ahmad , Muhammad Umar Zafar , Haroon Yousaf . "Divorce Status and Its Major Reasons in Pakistan." Sociology and Anthropology 6.4 (2018) 386 - 391. doi: 10.13189/sa.2018.060405.