Sociology and Anthropology Vol. 6(4), pp. 361 - 374
DOI: 10.13189/sa.2018.060403
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Synchronous Examination of Diaspora Communities: Slovenian Canadians in Ontario


Alenka Čuš *
Department for Slovenian Studies (Slovenian Language and Literature), Faculty of Humanities, University of Primorska, Slovenia

ABSTRACT

This article presents a model for studying diaspora communities as independent structures applied to the Slovenian-Canadian case and where the synchronous examination of diaspora communities and the literary system is the central subject of study. This paper presents an established research model, which does not examine diaspora communities as a bridge between the country of origin and the country of acceptance, but as a third autonomous, equivalent space. The model enables extra and intratextual analysis of literature, treatment of written and spoken language use and examination of formal and informal institutional situations of the diaspora community. This methodology is especially effective in the analysis of the diaspora community under contemporary conditions, where we find only the remnants of a once powerful system that have managed to be maintained over many decades up to the present, which is not possible from a distance (e.g. from Slovenia). Using the researcher's two years of fieldwork as well as the intra-community status of the researcher, the community was observed with the taxonomy of variables proposed by Howard Giles et al. (1971) that determines the empirical reality of minority communities. Due to the shortcomings of this approach in the analysis, we have established a more appropriate model, which not only enables the monitoring and assessment of the community, but on the basis of the theory of realization of national interpellation proposed by Marcello Potocco (2012), we are able to increase the actual vitality and strengthen the (Slovenian) national identity. The model allows participation in the activity, not only for observing, but for implementation of additional activity as well, according to the existing situations and needs of the community. The vitality of the community was re-assessed and the results compared with the pilot assessment. The comparison demonstrated that the proposed approach is effective. In the Slovenian community, in Ontario, the material factors of national interpellation are: socio-institutional context (interconnection of institutions), education, media, literary system (extra and intratextual), publishing market, the use of language (written, spoken) and other (religion, economy, music, sport and gastronomy).

KEYWORDS
Vitality Assessment, Slovenian Canadian Diaspora Community, Realization of the National Interpellation, Enhancement of the Slovenian National Identity in Ontario

Cite this paper
Alenka Čuš . "Synchronous Examination of Diaspora Communities: Slovenian Canadians in Ontario." Sociology and Anthropology 6.4 (2018) 361 - 374. doi: 10.13189/sa.2018.060403.