Chemical and Materials Engineering Vol. 6(1), pp. 1 - 8
DOI: 10.13189/cme.2018.060101
Reprint (PDF) (452Kb)


An Eco-friendly Approach of Cotton Fabric Dyeing with Natural Dye Extracted from Bixa orellana Seeds Employing Different Metallic Mordants


Nasim-Uz-Zaman , Md. Luthfar Rahman Liman *, Abdul Kader , Md. Abdullah Al Mamun , Bappi Sarker , Rafiul Islam , Israt Parveen
Department of Textile Engineering, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University (MBSTU), Bangladesh

ABSTRACT

The aim of this project work is to study the application of Bixa orellana seed for dyeing of cotton knitted fabric. To satisfy the future demand for an eco-friendly as well as sustainable dyeing of cotton fabric numeric exploration had been performed in this work. Natural dye was extracted by normal water extraction method with caustic soda from raw seed of Bixa orellana. In this experiment commercially scoured-bleached 100% cotton knitted single jersey structure fabric with an areal density of 140 grams per square meter is used. Pre-mordanting action of cotton fabric samples were carried out using various metallic salts. Samples were dyed using by Glauber Salt + hot wash with Standard Soap, without Glauber Salt + hot wash, Glauber Salt + without hot wash and without Glauber Salt + without hot wash. Color strength of the dyed samples for different dyeing condition was assessed by means of K/S value. To intensify the color strength various mordanting agents were used. Effect of mordanting agents had evaluated by means of K/S value. Best color strength was yield for the samples dyed with Bixa orellana which were mordanted with CuSO4. Impact of electrolyte on color strength had also investigated by means of K/S value. Color fastness of the selected dyed samples to water, washing, perspiration and rubbing were evaluated. Impact of mordanting agents, hot wash and electrolyte were intensively evaluated. In all cases mordanted samples with CuSO4 exhibit best result. This result adumbrates developing a sustainable technology for a cabalistic utilization of Bixa orellana seed for coloration of cotton knitted fabric. The exquisite assessment of all tested properties of colored samples evolves this technology can be commercially implemented by considering few limitations.

KEYWORDS
Bixa orellana, Mordanting Agents, K/S Value, Color Fastness

Cite this paper
Nasim-Uz-Zaman , Md. Luthfar Rahman Liman , Abdul Kader , Md. Abdullah Al Mamun , Bappi Sarker , Rafiul Islam , Israt Parveen (2018). An Eco-friendly Approach of Cotton Fabric Dyeing with Natural Dye Extracted from Bixa orellana Seeds Employing Different Metallic Mordants. Chemical and Materials Engineering, 6 , 1 - 8. doi: 10.13189/cme.2018.060101.