Universal Journal of Management Vol. 6(1), pp. 1 - 11
DOI: 10.13189/ujm.2018.060101
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Common Resource Pooling Strategies for Alleviation of Conflicts over Natural Resources among Communities in Kenya's Asal Regions


Clement O. Olando 1,*, Muinde Kimuyu 2
1 Mount Kenya University, Kenya
2 Kensoft Institute of Technology, Kenya

ABSTRACT

Despite the ASAL regions of Kenya having been endowed with rich deposits of resources essential for economic development and sustainable livelihood, the communities living in these regions are in constant conflicts accelerated by searching for rare visible resources. Such conflicts are threatening peaceful coexistence among neighborhoods. This has significantly hampered any development in this region in form of economic, social and even political. Although empirical studies have revealed that resource pooling strategies aid in converting available resources into a rich pool in wealth to the communities having access to these resources, most studies on conflict resolution are not cognizant of the role played by common resource pooling as a strategy for peace building in ASAL regions of Kenya. It is against this background that the present study sought to lock the gap. The main objective of the study was to assess the influence of Community Resource Pooling strategies on conflicts alleviation in Kenya's ASAL regions. The study used descriptive research and purposively sampled 108 farmers of Kavete village of Nzaui sub County of Makueni County. Data was collected from primary sources using a structured questionnaire, which was pretested for validity and reliability before administration. Data was analysed by using both descriptive statistics and thereafter inferential analysis. Based on the results obtained, the study concludes that utilization community resource mobilization and funding strategy, stakeholders' (community) participation in the common resource pooling, establishment of governance and management strategy, and resource management skills and financial competence in a common resource pooling would positively enhance conflict alleviation in Kenya's ASAL regions. The study reveals that there is a significant positive relationship between each of: community resource mobilization and funding strategy, stakeholder participation strategy, governance and management strategy, and resource management skills and financial competence and conflict alleviation in Kenya's ASAL regions. The study recommends that the through communities in Kenya's ASAL region should be encouraged to participate communally on utilizing the resources available (pain sharing-gain sharing), hence a peaceful living owing to abundance of resources. Once a community is enlightened, it is adapted to the new strategy and converts this to normal way of living.

KEYWORDS
Alleviation of Conflicts, ASAL Regions, Community Resource Mobilization and Funding Strategy, Common Resource Pooling Strategies

Cite this paper
Clement O. Olando , Muinde Kimuyu . "Common Resource Pooling Strategies for Alleviation of Conflicts over Natural Resources among Communities in Kenya's Asal Regions." Universal Journal of Management 6.1 (2018) 1 - 11. doi: 10.13189/ujm.2018.060101.