Sociology and Anthropology Vol. 6(2), pp. 187 - 202
DOI: 10.13189/sa.2018.060201
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A Civilisation without Toilets? Ibadan and Her Environment in the Post-colonial Era

Soji Oyeranmi 1,2,*
1 Department of History, University of South Africa (UNISA), South Africa
2 Department of History and Diplomatic Studies, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Nigeria


It is incontestable that Ibadan presents a despicable environmental picture. In fact, Francis, Egbhokare's revised Standard version of Professor J.P Clark's Ibadan: 'Ibadan/oozing blob of rot and mold squashed and splattered among human wastes/ like Bodija market in the rain' vividly captured the filthy nature of 21st century Ibadan. Indeed, like most of the Nigeria urban areas, there is little evidence of any realistic physical planning. Visits to major streets and residential areas especially the core city centers show a prevalence of uncontrolled heap of refuse in open spaces and all pervasive repulsive odour of open sewers. There is also infrastructural decay: deplorable roads, pitifully inadequate water supply, erratic electricity supply and acute shelter shortage. The picture is generally that of urban disarray. At the heart of problem is the ubiquitousness of non-industrial and industrial pollutants. Individual and corporate bodies are reckless in waste storage and disposal often resulting in environmental hazards inimical to animal and human health. Despite the above environmental challenges, little attention is currently given to the problems. Indeed, many have concluded that filthiness in Ibadan is cultural in origin as the people are dirty by nature. This is why this paper is set to: establish the interdependence of nature and culture on one hand and sanitation and the environment on the other; investigate the root of sanitation crisis in Ibadan; identify stakeholders and their roles in environmental management in Ibadan; examine the efficacy of the governmental strategies in environmental management in Ibadan; assess peoples' attitude and perception to personal hygiene, environmental management and the implications of on their health; suggest some ways out of the crisis.

Ibadan, Nigeria, Urban Areas, Environmental Hazards, Sanitation, Nature, Culture

Cite this paper
Soji Oyeranmi . "A Civilisation without Toilets? Ibadan and Her Environment in the Post-colonial Era." Sociology and Anthropology 6.2 (2018) 187 - 202. doi: 10.13189/sa.2018.060201.