Sociology and Anthropology Vol. 6(1), pp. 152 - 175
DOI: 10.13189/sa.2018.060114
Reprint (PDF) (501Kb)


The Africanization of Democracy - Elections and Conflict Prevention in Sub-Saharan Africa


Jose Pascal da Rocha 1,*, Ratha Khuon 2
1 Columbia University, New York, USA
2 Teachers College, New York, USA

ABSTRACT

This paper explores the lessons learned from the nexus between elections and conflict prevention. It underscores that electoral processes are linked to democratic control by the citizens and, thus, paramount to good governance and accountability of political actors. These factors contribute legitimacy to the governments and, ultimately, promote conflict prevention, conflict transformation, and peace infrastructures. Drawing on the cases of Benin and Uganda, this study will examine the conditions and variables of the contexts that either support or hinder leaders to relinquish power according to constitutional term limits, explore the role of political parties and non-governmental organizations as intermediaries of civic dialogue between the governments and their citizens, and elaborate on the prospects of project democracy and its linkages to peace infrastructures and conflict prevention.

KEYWORDS
Elections, Conflict, Prevention, Africa, Benin, Uganda, Democracy, Governance, Political Parties, Complexity

Cite this paper
Jose Pascal da Rocha , Ratha Khuon (2018). The Africanization of Democracy - Elections and Conflict Prevention in Sub-Saharan Africa. Sociology and Anthropology, 6 , 152 - 175. doi: 10.13189/sa.2018.060114.