Sociology and Anthropology Vol. 6(1), pp. 64 - 73
DOI: 10.13189/sa.2018.060106
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Respondent's Perception on Demographic and Socio-economic Characteristics of Ikogosi Warm Spring for Environmental Sustainability


Olowookere-Ayodele 1,*, Olusayo Oluwakemi 1, Ayeni Ayodele Olaiya 2, Imole Patrick Olaniyi 3
1 Department of Tourism and Hospitality Management, Ekiti State University, Nigeria
2 Home Economics Department, College of Education, Nigeria
3 Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

Perception is an agent's subjective experiential evaluation of the phenomenal which surrounds man, revealing his consciousness of it and his intentionality towards the object which constitute it. Primary data were collected with the aid of structured questionnaire from the host community with 300 respondents' sample size. Information was sought pertaining to the demographic characteristics of the respondents and the impacts of the tourist attraction on the host community both the positive and the negative aspects respectively. Questionnaire were distributed through random sampling based on availability by rating their level of agreement with each of the statement on a five-point Likert's scale from strongly agree (SA), agree (A), undecided (U), Disagree (D) and strongly disagree (SD). Data were analyzed and tested using descriptive and inferential statistical techniques, independent sample t- test and one-way ANOVA test at p <0 .05. The ANOVA analysis indicates that there is no significant variation in people's perceptions of the negative impacts of the tourist attraction on the demographic characteristics except educational qualification that shows significant variation in people's perception while test on people's perceptions of the positive impacts of the tourist attraction demographic characteristics shows that there is no significant variation in people's perception impacts of the tourist attraction on the host community and the independent sample t-test for both negative and positive impacts also shows that there is no significant variation in people's perception. Therefore, the tourism impacts can there be categories into three parts namely socio-cultural impact, economic impact and environmental impact with lists numbers of multiplier effects of tourism such as job creation, increasing income of local economy, boosting local business, generating other industrial activities in the town, social event in the community, better local facilities and infrastructure, conservation of the natural endowment and attractive environment appeals to tourists. The host community of any tourist attractions must have rightful perception of the development as sustainability of tourism industry left nobody out, in developing the tourist attraction.

KEYWORDS
Perception, Ikogosi, Respondent, Environment and Sustainability

Cite this paper
Olowookere-Ayodele , Olusayo Oluwakemi , Ayeni Ayodele Olaiya , Imole Patrick Olaniyi . "Respondent's Perception on Demographic and Socio-economic Characteristics of Ikogosi Warm Spring for Environmental Sustainability." Sociology and Anthropology 6.1 (2018) 64 - 73. doi: 10.13189/sa.2018.060106.