Sociology and Anthropology Vol. 6(1), pp. 20 - 34
DOI: 10.13189/sa.2018.060102
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Functional Differentiation and Religious Organizations in Modernity: A Theoretical Analysis Based on Pentecostalism in Brazil


Roberto Dutra 1,*, João Ricardo Boechat Pires de Almeida Sales 2
1 Laboratory of Management and Public Policies (LGPP), Human Sciences Center, State University of Northern Rio de Janeiro (UENF), Brazil
2 Federal Fluminense University, Brazil

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we discuss the role of religious organizations based on Niklas Luhmann's theory of functional differentiation. Starting from a reflection on functional differentiation as the defining form of modern society and the relation between religion and other social spheres, we argue that the multiplicity of functional orientations, due to the non-convergence between the perspectives of the different social subsystems, should be the point of departure from empirical analyzes of religious organizations in modernity. We demonstrate the theoretical argument through an analysis of religious organizations that are guided by Pentecostal structures and semantics in the search for the conversion of believers in the Brazilian religious field.

KEYWORDS
Functional Differentiation, Modernity, Religious Organizations, Pentecostalism

Cite this paper
Roberto Dutra , João Ricardo Boechat Pires de Almeida Sales . "Functional Differentiation and Religious Organizations in Modernity: A Theoretical Analysis Based on Pentecostalism in Brazil." Sociology and Anthropology 6.1 (2018) 20 - 34. doi: 10.13189/sa.2018.060102.