Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 5(12), pp. 2312 - 2319
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2017.051222
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Evaluation of a Psychological Skill Training Program on Mental Toughness and Psychological Wellbeing for Professional Soccer Players


Bülent Okan Miçooğullari 1,*, Rıdvan Ekmekçi 2
1 Department of Physical Education & Sports, Faculty of Education, Nevşehir Hacı Bektaş Veli University, Turkey
2 Faculty of Sport Sciences, Pamukkale University, Turkey

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of psychological skills training (PST) in enhancing mental toughness among Turkish professional soccer team. Sixteen weeks of cognitive-behavioral conceptual framework-based PST program designed according to factors (confidence – constancy - control) of Sport Mental Toughness Questionnaire (SMTQ; Sheard et al., 2009) and (self-acceptance, positive relations with others, environmental mastery, purpose in life, personal growth and autonomy) scales of Psychological well-being (SPWB; Dierendonck, 2005). Twenty-six male soccer players between 18-33 years old (mean ± s: age 26.69 ± 3.54 years) voluntarily participated in this study. The relationship between mental toughness (MT) and psychological well-being was identified by conduction of Pearson Product Moment Correlations. To check effect of PST on MT and PWB in progress Paired sample t test was used. Throughout the intervention program, MT and PWB levels of participants significantly increased, in addition to self-acceptance, autonomy and positive relationships with others. Moreover, positive significant relationships were found between components of PWB and MT.

KEYWORDS
Psychological Skill Training Program, Mental Toughness, Psychological Well-being, Soccer

Cite this paper
Bülent Okan Miçooğullari , Rıdvan Ekmekçi . "Evaluation of a Psychological Skill Training Program on Mental Toughness and Psychological Wellbeing for Professional Soccer Players." Universal Journal of Educational Research 5.12 (2017) 2312 - 2319. doi: 10.13189/ujer.2017.051222.