Advances in Economics and Business Vol. 5(11), pp. 590 - 600
DOI: 10.13189/aeb.2017.051103
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Success Factors of Upgrade Programs of SMEs in a Changing Environment, Resources Dependency Perspective: The Case of Algeria


Boudjemaa Amroune 1, Michel Plaisent 2,*, Taieb Hafsi 3, Prosper Bernard 2, Cataldo Zuccaro 2
1 Faculty of Economics and Management, University Med BOUDIAF, Algeria
2 School of Management Sciences, University of Quebec in Montreal, Canada
3 HEC Montreal, Montreal Business School, University of Montréal, Canada

ABSTRACT

The SME sector is exposed to an arduous and fierce competition to the disadvantage of enterprises that are actually non-competitive. Therefore, the problems of SMEs in developing countries are rich and complex. Algeria isn't immune to these difficult conditions; the SME is exposed to an open and intense environment. Public authorities have developed and have been implementing upgrade programs to promote the SME sector. Thus, the study seeks to find the key success factors of upgrade programs, and explores the dimension of adaptation of SMEs in developing and emerging countries, Algeria is a practical case. The study is theoretical. It aims to determine a theoretical model on the success factors of upgrade programs. The research operates a diverse literature review in emerging and developing countries. To explain this research, we will use the theory of resources dependency. While exploring the literature on upgrade programs in emerging and developing countries; our research was able to theoretically identify different success factors of the upgrade programs. In addition, research has managed to develop a theoretical model on the success factors of the upgrade programs.

KEYWORDS
Success Factors, Upgrade Programs, Government Programs, Changing Environment, Adaptation, Resources Dependency Theory, Intangible and Tangible Resources, Emerging and Developing Countries, Algeria

Cite this paper
Boudjemaa Amroune , Michel Plaisent , Taieb Hafsi , Prosper Bernard , Cataldo Zuccaro . "Success Factors of Upgrade Programs of SMEs in a Changing Environment, Resources Dependency Perspective: The Case of Algeria." Advances in Economics and Business 5.11 (2017) 590 - 600. doi: 10.13189/aeb.2017.051103.