Advances in Zoology and Botany Vol. 5(4), pp. 50 - 54
DOI: 10.13189/azb.2017.050403
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Comparative Screening of Phytochemical Compounds in Scent Leaf Ocimum gratissimum Linn. (Family: Lamiaceae) and Bitter Leaf Vernonia amygdalina Del. (Family: Asteraceae) Extracts


R.N. Oladosu-Ajayi 1,*, H.E. Dienye 2, C.T. Ajayi 1, O.D. Erinle 1
1 Department of Fisheries Technology, Federal College of Freshwater Fisheries Technology, New-Bussa (FCFFT), Nigeria
2 Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

The study on Phytochemical screening of the leaves of Ocimum gratissimum and Vernonia amygdalina was carried out to determine the compounds present. The result revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, steroid, tannins, and carotenoid. The best solvent of extraction for both plants recorded was the hot water followed by the cold water even though they were unable to liberate flavonoids from bitter leaf extracts. The washed bitter leaf extracts contained more alkaloids than the extracts made from the unwashed leaf though the differences were not significant (washed bitter leaf- 7.32% from hot water and 6.83% from cold water, unwashed bitter leaf- 6.12% from hot water and 5.32% from cold water). The ethanolic extracts of bitter leaf liberated the flavonoids while the hot water was also able to liberate it from the scent leaf. Carotenoids were liberated from the extracts of both plants though the quantities were not significantly different. The study showed that bitter leaf and scent leaf contain similar antimicrobial compounds but former contains more quantity. It can be concluded that the different solvents of extraction have varying abilities to liberate these compounds and the quantities that each liberated has been ascertained.

KEYWORDS
Phytochemical, Scent Leaf, Bitter Leaf, Extract, Ethanol, Water

Cite this paper
R.N. Oladosu-Ajayi , H.E. Dienye , C.T. Ajayi , O.D. Erinle (2017). Comparative Screening of Phytochemical Compounds in Scent Leaf Ocimum gratissimum Linn. (Family: Lamiaceae) and Bitter Leaf Vernonia amygdalina Del. (Family: Asteraceae) Extracts. Advances in Zoology and Botany, 5 , 50 - 54. doi: 10.13189/azb.2017.050403.