Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 5(11), pp. 1995 - 2004
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2017.051116
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The Challenges of Teaching EFL Listening in Iraqi (Kurdistan Region) Universities

Rauf Avci 1,*, Natela Doghonadze 2
1 Education Faculty, Ishik University, Erbil, Iraq
2 Faculty of Education and Humanities, International Black Sea University, Georgia


The article is dedicated to the issue of teaching EFL listening in Kurdistan region of Iraq. The important role of listening skills in a FL learning is presented, and the difficulties of listening are analyzed, including language (vocabulary, grammar) and psychological (low motivation and self-confidence as well as a high level of listening anxiety) factors. The article involves a questionnaire survey with participation of 98 students from 8 universities in Kurdistan Region of Iraq and 28 teachers from 7 universities in the same region (universities mostly overlap, so totally 9 universities are involved). The survey shows that the level of listening anxiety among the students is quite high.

Listening Anxiety, Listening in L1, Second Language and Foreign Language, Pygmalion Effect, Motivation, Academic Performance

Cite this paper
Rauf Avci , Natela Doghonadze . "The Challenges of Teaching EFL Listening in Iraqi (Kurdistan Region) Universities." Universal Journal of Educational Research 5.11 (2017) 1995 - 2004. doi: 10.13189/ujer.2017.051116.