Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 5(9), pp. 1571 - 1579
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2017.050914
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Examining the Relationship between Referee Self-efficacy and General Self-efficacy Levels of Football, Basketball and Handball Referees


Aydın Karaçam 1,*, Atilla Pulur 2
1 Ministry of National Education, Turkey
2 Faculty of Sport Sciences, Gazi University, Turkey

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between referee self-efficacy and general self-efficacy levels of football, basketball and handball referees in terms of gender, refereeing branch, age and refereeing experience. Study group was created within a convenience sampling method. 195 referees, 14% (n = 27) female and 86% (n = 168) male, who perform active refereeing within Turkish Football, Basketball and Handball Federations during 2016-2017 season participated in the study. The personal information form, Referee Self-Efficacy Scale (REFS) developed by Karacam and Pulur (2017) and the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE) developed by Aypay (2010) were used as data collection tools. The analysis of the data was conducted using SPSS 21 and AMOS programs. Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient, t-test and one-way variance analysis (ANOVA) were used in determining the relationships between variables, binary and multiple comparisons, respectively. The REFS total scores levels of football, basketball and handball referees show a significant difference in favor of male referees. A significant difference was found between REFS total scores levels of football, basketball and handball referees and physical fitness sub-dimension, and refereeing branches in favor of football and basketball referees. There is a positive and significant relationship between football, basketball and handball referees' game knowledge, decision making, pressure, communication, total scores in REFS, and refereeing experience. There is a positive and significant relationship between football, basketball and handball referees' physical fitness, game knowledge, decision making, pressure, communication, total scores in GES and REFS.

KEYWORDS
Referee Education, Referee, Self-efficacy, Referee Self-efficacy, Football Referee, Basketball Referee, Handball Referee

Cite this paper
Aydın Karaçam , Atilla Pulur . "Examining the Relationship between Referee Self-efficacy and General Self-efficacy Levels of Football, Basketball and Handball Referees." Universal Journal of Educational Research 5.9 (2017) 1571 - 1579. doi: 10.13189/ujer.2017.050914.