Sociology and Anthropology Vol. 5(5), pp. 412 - 419
DOI: 10.13189/sa.2017.050505
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Astronomical Alignments of Paleo-Christian Basilicas in Romania


Marc Frincu 1,2,*, Ioana Giurginca 2
1 Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, West University of Timisoara, Romania
2 Romanian Society for Cultural Astronomy, Romania

ABSTRACT

In this paper we present the first comprehensive study of the astronomical alignments of paleo-Christian basilicas located in present day Romania. 20 basilicas from 10 sites have been investigated using a digital compass and tools such as Google Earth, Stellarium, and heywhatsthat.com. Results show that except two all fall within the solar sunrise arc. Of these some point to the rising Sun during the feast days of well-known Christian saints. The two exceptions at Argamum and Dinogeția indicate that the basilicas may be converted. The astronomical analysis in these two cases indicates a possible alignment with the moonrise during the major lunar standstill and the rising of the stars Arcturus, Castor, Mirach, and Algiebe.

KEYWORDS
Archaeoastronomy, Paleo-Christian Basilicas, Romania

Cite this paper
Marc Frincu , Ioana Giurginca (2017). Astronomical Alignments of Paleo-Christian Basilicas in Romania. Sociology and Anthropology, 5 , 412 - 419. doi: 10.13189/sa.2017.050505.