Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 5(5), pp. 723 - 732
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2017.050504
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The Role of Perceived Social Support and Coping Styles in Predicting Adolescents' Positivity


Gülşen Büyükşahin Çevik *, Mehmet Ali Yıldız
Faculty of Education, Guidance and Psychological Counseling, Adıyaman University, Turkey

ABSTRACT

The current research aims to examine the perceived social support and coping styles predicting positivity. Research participants included 268 adolescents, attending high school, with 147 females (54.9%) and 121 males (45.1%). Adolescents participating in the research were 14 to 18 years old and their average age was 16.12 with SD=1.01. Research data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple linear regression analysis. Research findings indicated that perceived social support and seeking for assistance among coping styles significantly predicted positivity and explained the 29% of variance in positivity. However, problem solving, cognitive avoidance, and behavioral avoidance among coping styles had no significant predictive effects on adolescents' positivity. In addition, it was found that variables of grade, gender, and age did not predict adolescents' positivity. Researchers discussed and interpreted findings in the light of relevant literature and put forward recommendations for relevant researchers. Based on the findings of the current research, social support may be important in terms of interventions for adolescent's development and mental health and that social support significantly predicts positivity. For adolescents, receiving support by parents, teachers, and peers in problematic academic or social relationships may positively is associated with their positivity as it can help them have positive considerations of their lives and be optimistic about future and solving their problems. Perceived social support and seeking assistance among coping styles may have significant roles in predicting adolescents' positivity. Adolescents may need to seek assistance to effectively cope with their problems and the perceived social support in the social environment upon receiving assistance increase their positivity as well. Also, seeking assistance, for adolescents, may positively affect positivity as it may mean that they are optimistic about solving their problems.

KEYWORDS
Perceived Social Support, Coping Styles, Positivity, Adolescents

Cite this paper
Gülşen Büyükşahin Çevik , Mehmet Ali Yıldız . "The Role of Perceived Social Support and Coping Styles in Predicting Adolescents' Positivity." Universal Journal of Educational Research 5.5 (2017) 723 - 732. doi: 10.13189/ujer.2017.050504.