Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 4(12A), pp. 196 - 204
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2016.041325
Reprint (PDF) (319Kb)


Teachers' Attitudes, Beliefs and Self-Efficacy about Multicultural Education: A Scale Development


Soner Yildirim 1, Erdoğan Tezci 2,*
1 Faculty of Education, Prizren "Ukshin Hoti" University, Kosovo
2 Necatibey Faculty of Education, Balıkesir University, Turkey

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to develop a scale –acceptable to potential studies in the context of multicultural education– for determining teachers' attitudes, self-efficacy perceptions and beliefs regarding necessity of multicultural education. The items of the scale which were developed according to opinions of experts and literature were issued as five-level Likert scale based on teachers' subjective statements. The research was carried out in Kosovo which is the place of duty of native Turkish, Albanian and Bosnian speaking teachers and a culturally rich city. Therefore the scale was translated to Turkish, Bosnian and Albanian languages and applied to ten teachers to provide linguistic equivalence. After linguistic equivalence enabled, exploratory factor analysis have been conducted based on data that derived from 490 teachers in Kosovo. By results of analysis conducted based on varimax rotation, belief scale which has 9 items 2 factors, attitude scale which has 16 items and 3 factors and self-efficacy scale which has 13 items and 3 factors were determined. After factor structures revealed, Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was conducted. It was observed that fit indices obtained through CFA offer an acceptable value. The Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficients of all and sub dimensions of the scale were determined as high. On one hand it caused limitations that the study to be conducted in just one country on the other hand the country which is a culturally rich sample enhanced acceptability level of the scale. According to results of the study, the scales are available for determining teachers' attitude, belief and self-efficacy in the context of multicultural education.

KEYWORDS
Multicultural Education, Cultural Diversity, Attitude, Self-Efficacy, Beliefs, Scale Development, Teacher Education

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Soner Yildirim , Erdoğan Tezci , "Teachers' Attitudes, Beliefs and Self-Efficacy about Multicultural Education: A Scale Development," Universal Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 4, No. 12A, pp. 196 - 204, 2016. DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2016.041325.

(b). APA Format:
Soner Yildirim , Erdoğan Tezci , (2016). Teachers' Attitudes, Beliefs and Self-Efficacy about Multicultural Education: A Scale Development. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 4(12A), 196 - 204. DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2016.041325.