Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 4(10), pp. 2361 - 2373
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2016.041016
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The Relationship between Parent-Child Interactions and Prosocial Behavior among Fifth- and Sixth-grade Students: Gratitude as a Mediating Variable


Ho-Tang Wu 1, Shu-Feng Tseng 2, Pai-Lu Wu 3,*, Chun-Miao Chen 4
1 Department of Education, National Kaohsiung Normal University, Taiwan
2 Department of Applied Foreign Language, Cheng-Shiu University, Taiwan
3 Center for Teacher Education, Cheng-Shiu University, Taiwan
4 Preschool, Hanmin Elementary School, Taiwan

ABSTRACT

Parent–child interaction, gratitude and prosocial behavior have a crucial impact on psychological development. According to our literature review, these three variables are positively related to one another. Therefore, the authors created a model that treats parent–child interaction as an exogenous variable, gratitude as a mediating variable, and prosocial behaviors as endogenous variables. To test this model, the authors administered the Parent–Child Interaction Scale, the Gratitude Scale, and the Prosocial Behavior Scale, which have good validity and reliability, to a total of 987 fifth- and sixth-grade students in Kaohsiung. In regard of gender, there were 521 males, occupying 52.8%; 466 females, occupying 47.2%. In respect with grade level, there were 482 grade-5 students, occupying 48.8%; 505 grade-6 students, occupying 51.2%. Based on an analysis of data using structural equation modeling (SEM), we reached the following conclusions: 1. There was a significant positive correlation between father–child and mother–child interactions; 2. There was a significant positive correlation between parent–child interaction, gratitude, and prosocial behavior; 3. Gratitude mediated the relationship between parent–child interaction and prosocial behavior.

KEYWORDS
Gratitude, Parent–child Interaction, Prosocial Behavior

Cite this paper
Ho-Tang Wu , Shu-Feng Tseng , Pai-Lu Wu , Chun-Miao Chen . "The Relationship between Parent-Child Interactions and Prosocial Behavior among Fifth- and Sixth-grade Students: Gratitude as a Mediating Variable." Universal Journal of Educational Research 4.10 (2016) 2361 - 2373. doi: 10.13189/ujer.2016.041016.