Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 4(9), pp. 1985 - 1993
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2016.040908
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The Comparison of Physical Education and Sports Lessons Applied in Education Systems of Turkey and Kosovo

Gülten Hergüner 1,*, Ayşe Önal 1, Milaim Berisha 1, Menzure Sibel Yaman 2
1 Institute of Educational Sciences, Physical Education and Sports, Sakarya University, Turkey
2 Health Sciences Institute, Physical Education and Sports, Gazi University, Turkey


This study was conducted in order to compare and determine the differences between the syllabuses, class hours, subject topics, contents and acquirements of Physical Education and Sports Lessons in primary, middle and high schools in Turkey and Kosovo. This is an international comparative education study in which the aim is to reveal the similarities and differences through the use of the descriptive and evaluative approach, which is generally used in comparative education studies. In the end of the examination, the programs related to Physical Education and Sports in Turkey were observed to be more extensive, multi optional and flexible, while in the case of activities, they were found to be more uncertain. The programs in Kosovo however, were noted as being open, orderly, clear and with a low amount of flexibility. While in the content in Turkey, attainments towards the cognitive and affective fields took a bigger part, it can be said that kinetically attainments are denser in Kosovo. Another fact is that the class hours of Physical Education and Sports are comparatively less than that of other courses. As a result; the fact that the program in Turkey includes more options and is more flexible provides advantages in generating solutions in regards to physical opportunities and material use, the inefficacy of class hours appears to be a disadvantage. On the other hand, kinetically attainments are limited due to the physical opportunities not being the same in all of the schools. In order to increase the mobility and applications of the courses in Turkey by paying attention to these specifications, prioritizing the physical opportunities for physical education and doing physical exercise, and increasing the amount of class hours can be suggested.

Turkey, Kosovo, Comparative Education, Physical Education and Sports

Cite this paper
Gülten Hergüner , Ayşe Önal , Milaim Berisha , Menzure Sibel Yaman . "The Comparison of Physical Education and Sports Lessons Applied in Education Systems of Turkey and Kosovo." Universal Journal of Educational Research 4.9 (2016) 1985 - 1993. doi: 10.13189/ujer.2016.040908.