Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 4(6), pp. 1471 - 1478
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2016.040627
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Learning Environments as Basis for Cognitive Achievements of Students in Basic Science Classrooms in Nigeria


Atomatofa Rachel 1,*, Okoye Nnamdi 2, Igwebuike Thomas 3
1 Department of Integrated-Science, Delta State College of Physical Education, Nigeria
2 Department of Curriculum and Integrated-science, Delta State University, Nigeria
3 Department of Curriculum Studies, College of Education Warri, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

The nature of classroom learning environments created by teachers had been considered very important for learning to take place effectively. This study investigated the effect of creating constructivist and transmissive learning environments on achievements of science students' of different ability levels. 243 students formed the entire study sample, while 146 (70 high and 76 low ability) students took part in the ability groupings. Three research instruments (teaching guides; scholastic ability test and Basic science achievement test), were used to obtain data for which two research hypotheses were tested. The validation and reliability of the instruments were fully established. Results indicate that students in the constructivist environment achieved more. And that the high ability students irrespective of their learning environment achieved more than the low ability students which indicates that learning environments do not have impact on learning ability However, since the high and low constructivist groups achieved more than the high and low transmissive groups respectively, it is recommended that teachers should create the constructivist environment while paying extra attention to the low ability groups in order to reduce gaps between high and low ability during their basic science classes in Nigeria.

KEYWORDS
Learning Environments, Constructivist Environment, Transmissive Environment

Cite this paper
Atomatofa Rachel , Okoye Nnamdi , Igwebuike Thomas . "Learning Environments as Basis for Cognitive Achievements of Students in Basic Science Classrooms in Nigeria." Universal Journal of Educational Research 4.6 (2016) 1471 - 1478. doi: 10.13189/ujer.2016.040627.