Advances in Economics and Business Vol. 4(4), pp. 149 - 156
DOI: 10.13189/aeb.2016.040401
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The Filipino Customs Brokers' Perception on the Proposed Customs Modernization and Tariff Act (CMTA) of the Philippines


Roberta L. Riga *
Asian Institute of Maritime Studies, Philippines

ABSTRACT

The study focused on the perception of the Filipino Customs Brokers on the proposed Customs Modernization and Tariff Act (CMTA) of the Philippines. Specifically, it established the profile of the customs brokers in terms of years in practice of the profession, number of clients, estimated annual net income and estimated revenue remitted to the Bureau of Customs (BOC). It then determined the level of knowledge of the customs brokers with regards to definition of declarant, responsibilities of declarant, role of third party and exclusion of 'customs broker' under CMTA. It also determined the perception of the customs brokers on the effects of the proposed CMTA to the customs broker profession. Further, it looked into the significant difference on the level of perception of customs brokers on the CMTA when grouped according to their profile variables. The descriptive research design was used in this study utilizing a self-constructed questionnaire as data gathering instrument. Using Slovin's formula, data were gathered from 153 accredited customs brokers transacting at major ports in the Philippines for at least five years. Respondents were selected through convenience sampling. Statistical tools used were percentage, weighted mean and analysis of variance (ANOVA). Most of the respondents were in practice of the customs broker profession for 5 to 10 years, serve 10 to 20 clients, have an estimated annual income of more than one million to five million pesos and have an estimated revenue remittance to the BOC of more than one million to one billion pesos. Findings showed that the customs brokers have high level of knowledge with regards to the definition of declarant, responsibilities of declarant and the role of 'third party' under the proposed CMTA. However, they have low level of knowledge on the exclusion of 'customs broker' on the proposed law. The respondents strongly perceive that the effects of the proposed law to the customs broker profession would be unemployment among employees of existing customs brokerage firms, anxiety among students currently enrolled in the BS Customs Administration (BSCA) program, anxiety among colleges/universities offering the BSCA program, inconsistency with present legislation on customs broker profession, irrelevance of the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC) license as customs broker, misunderstanding as to the customs brokers' roles and functions in trade facilitation with the role of third parties, irrelevance of the accredited professional organization of customs brokers and irrelevance of the Professional Regulatory Board for Customs Brokers (PRBCB). Findings revealed that there are no significant differences on the respondents' level of perception on the effects of the proposed CMTA to the customs broker profession when respondents are grouped into their years of practice in the profession, number of clients, estimated annual net income and estimated revenue remittance to the BOC.

KEYWORDS
Filipino Customs Brokers, Perception, Customs Modernization and Tariff Act

Cite this paper
Roberta L. Riga . "The Filipino Customs Brokers' Perception on the Proposed Customs Modernization and Tariff Act (CMTA) of the Philippines." Advances in Economics and Business 4.4 (2016) 149 - 156. doi: 10.13189/aeb.2016.040401.