Universal Journal of Materials Science Vol. 4(3), pp. 60 - 64
DOI: 10.13189/ujms.2016.040303
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Reactivity Improvement of Dicalcium Phosphate Dihydrate with Fluoride for Its Removal from Waste and Drinking Water


Yuka Takemura 1, Masanori Kikuchi 1,2, Masamoto Tafu 3,*, Takeshi Toshima 3, Tetsuji Chohji 4
1 Graduate School of Information Science and Technology, Hokkaido University, Japan
2 International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (MANA), National Institute for Materials Science, Japan
3 National Institute of Technology, Toyama College, Japan
4 National Institute of Technology, Kagoshima College, Japan

ABSTRACT

Dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD) reacts with fluoride ion in an aqueous solution and forms stable fluoroapatite (FAp). This reaction requires a lag time to form nano-sized precursor, hydroxyapatite (HAp)-like calcium phosphate, on DCPD surface. This long lag time prevents DCPD from applying as an effective fluoride removal agent from waste water. The purpose of this study is to improve the reactivity of DCPD with fluoride ion by HAp-coating on the DCPD surface by soaking it in the simulated body fluid (SBF) under various DCPD/SBF ratios and soaking periods. The results showed the HAp-coating on DCPD by soaking in the SBF reduced the lag time to be negligible with increasing in amount of HAp up to 2 % in mass to the DCPD; however, further HAp formation had no affects on improvement of the reactivity.

KEYWORDS
Calcium Phosphate, Nano-Hybridization, Hydroxyapatite Coating, Water Treatment

Cite this paper
Yuka Takemura , Masanori Kikuchi , Masamoto Tafu , Takeshi Toshima , Tetsuji Chohji . "Reactivity Improvement of Dicalcium Phosphate Dihydrate with Fluoride for Its Removal from Waste and Drinking Water." Universal Journal of Materials Science 4.3 (2016) 60 - 64. doi: 10.13189/ujms.2016.040303.