Universal Journal of Physics and Application Vol. 9(6), pp. 235 - 243
DOI: 10.13189/ujpa.2015.090601
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Space Research in Tartu at the Beginning of the Cosmic Era


Valdur Tiit *
Estonian Euromanagement Institute, Estonia

ABSTRACT

The paper gives an overview of the scientific results achieved by the Tartu Observatory. The main emphasis is on the works of the Department of Equipment Development and its participation in the research programmes of the Soviet Union during the initial years of the space era. The results in building radiation detectors and in particular creating new spectral devices for the usage of short-wave ultraviolet radiation in scientific research are presented. The story of the world's first orbital astronomical observatory with several telescopes is explained. Additionally the two orbital radiometers working in the ultraviolet range of the spectrum that were built in Tartu and applied with success for the research of the Earth's atmosphere and the Moon's radiation are described. The article also touches upon the creation of pulsed synchrotron.

KEYWORDS
Ultraviolet Radiation, Detector, Device for Cosmic Investigations, Vacuum Monochromator, Radiometer, Pulsed Synchrotron

Cite this paper
Valdur Tiit . "Space Research in Tartu at the Beginning of the Cosmic Era." Universal Journal of Physics and Application 9.6 (2015) 235 - 243. doi: 10.13189/ujpa.2015.090601.