Chemical and Materials Engineering Vol. 3(4), pp. 57 - 72
DOI: 10.13189/cme.2015.030401
Reprint (PDF) (1507Kb)

Nano-ceramics Bicarbide Ti3SiC2 Max Phase Reinforced Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes by Spark Plasma Sintering

Badis Bendjemil 1,2,*, Djelloul Messadi 1, Jamal Bougdira 3, Faming Zhang 4,5, Eberhard Burkel 4
1 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Badji-Mokhtar Annaba, Algeria
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, University of 8 Mai 1945, Algeria
3 Institut Jean Lamour, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Lorraine, France
4 Physics of New Materials, Institute of Physics, Germany
5 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Southeast University, China


Ceramics titanium silicon carbide Ti3SiC2 Max phase was rapidly synthesised and simultaneously consolidated by spark plasma sintering at which the extensive volume expansion occurred as a function of the temperature from ball milled SiC/Ti/C powders with Ti/SiC ratio of 3:1:2. The XRD patterns results were confirmed by FESEM observations and the EDAX analyses. The reinforced and unreinforced 3Ti+1.2SiC+0.8C, 3Ti+1.2SiC+0.8C/SWCNTs powders were processed by using spark plasma sintering (SPS) at temperatures of 1100, 1200 and 1300℃ with diting of SWCNTs from 0.0 to 1.0 wt% SWCNTs/Ti3SiC2 nanocomposite. The effects of SWCNTs addition on phases, microstructure and hardness of the nanocomposite were investigated. The best product contained 1.0 wt% CNTs/ Ti3SiC2/TiC which was sintered at 1300℃, 60 MPa for 10 min The phase composition of the product could be tailored by adjusting the process parameters. The anisotropic hardness was observed in respect to the textured product.

MAX Phase, Ti3SiC2, SPS, Mechanical Properties, Microstructure-final, SWCNTs/Ti3SiC2 Nanoceramics, Texture

Cite this paper
Badis Bendjemil , Djelloul Messadi , Jamal Bougdira , Faming Zhang , Eberhard Burkel (2015). Nano-ceramics Bicarbide Ti3SiC2 Max Phase Reinforced Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes by Spark Plasma Sintering. Chemical and Materials Engineering, 3 , 57 - 72. doi: 10.13189/cme.2015.030401.