Universal Journal of Geoscience Vol. 3(5), pp. 171 - 176
DOI: 10.13189/ujg.2015.030501
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Influence of Geology and Groundwater Fluctuation on the Instability of Road Pavement between Shango and Paiko along Minna – Lambata Road, Central Nigeria


S. H. Waziri 1, C. O. Okogbue 2, N. M. Waziri 1,*, I. N. Abdullahi 1
1 Department of Geology, Federal University of Technology, Nigeria
2 Department of Geology, University of Nigeria, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

The geology and groundwater condition of the area was studied with the aim of understanding their impact on the instability of the road in the study area. These include the petrology, geophysics and groundwater fluctuation (percentage in water table fluctuation). The methodology included geological field mapping, thin section preparation, resistivity and water table monitoring in dry and wet seasons. The study reveals that the road is underlain by schist, amphibolites and poorly fractured granite with quartz, biotite, hornblende and muscovite as the constituent minerals. The rocks have been altered through weathering to clayey minerals with resistivity values as low as 14 Ohm with the depth of weathering as high as 20 meter especially in the schist. The percentage of groundwater variation ranges between 154% and 2400% indicating medium to very high percentage of variation of groundwater fluctuation. These clay minerals absorb water and swell during the raining season and dry during the dry season. The result is the instability of the road pavement especially within the schist and where the elevation is lower. Proper design of the road and the provision of good drainage that will reduce the ingress of water are advised.

KEYWORDS
Geology, Road Failure, Consistency Limits, Minna, Water Table

Cite this paper
S. H. Waziri , C. O. Okogbue , N. M. Waziri , I. N. Abdullahi . "Influence of Geology and Groundwater Fluctuation on the Instability of Road Pavement between Shango and Paiko along Minna – Lambata Road, Central Nigeria." Universal Journal of Geoscience 3.5 (2015) 171 - 176. doi: 10.13189/ujg.2015.030501.