Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 3(10), pp. 680 - 690
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2015.031004
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The Forum Community, the Connectivist Element of an xMOOC


Magali Dubosson 1,*, Sabine Emad 2
1 School of Management Fribourg, University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland, Switzerland
2 School of Management Geneva, University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland, Switzerland

ABSTRACT

One of the fastest growing approaches to teaching and learning in the new digital paradigm is the use of Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). They are categorised either as cMOOCs following a connectivist approach, or as xMOOCs based on behaviourist principles. However, in xMOOC environments, forums may play a real connectivist role if they are functioning as a community. This paper builds on the criteria of Herring (2004) in order to determine the existence and dynamics of a community. Forum participants, in a connectivist approach, create knowledge together by requesting help, answering questions, discussing concepts and techniques, and suggesting applications and additional learning material. This research questions the existence of a clear distinction between cMOOCs and xMOOCs. It was also observed that gender roles in STEM classes are replicated online. Online teaching nowadays is no longer based on one-way processes but includes users in multi-way processes. These dynamics may be effective in ensuring a strong and well-functioning learning community.

KEYWORDS
MOOCs, Forum, Gender, Community, Learning dynamics, A.m. General Literature: Miscellaneous

Cite this paper
Magali Dubosson , Sabine Emad (2015). The Forum Community, the Connectivist Element of an xMOOC. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 3 , 680 - 690. doi: 10.13189/ujer.2015.031004.