Mathematics and Statistics Vol. 3(4), pp. 75 - 88
DOI: 10.13189/ms.2015.030401
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The Geometry of the Universe


Wun-Yi Shu(許文郁) *
Institute of Statistics, National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan

ABSTRACT

In the late 1990s, observations of type Ia supernovae led to the astounding discovery that the universe is expanding at an accelerating rate. The explanation of this anomalous acceleration has been one of the great problems in physics since that discovery. We propose cosmological models that can simply and elegantly explain the cosmic acceleration via the geometric structure of the spacetime continuum, without introducing a cosmological constant into the standard Einstein field equation, negating the necessity for the existence of dark energy. In this geometry, the three fundamental physical dimensions length, time, and mass are related in new kind of relativity. There are four conspicuous features of these models: 1) the speed of light and the gravitational "constant" are not constant, but vary with the evolution of the universe, 2) time has no beginning and no end; i.e., there is neither a big bang nor a big crunch singularity, 3) the spatial section of the universe is a 3-sphere, and 4) in the process of evolution, the universe experiences phases of both acceleration and deceleration. One of these models is selected and tested against current cosmological observations, and is found to fit the redshift- luminosity distance data quite well.

KEYWORDS
Cosmology, General Relativity, Theories of Varying Speed of Light

Cite this paper
Wun-Yi Shu(許文郁) . "The Geometry of the Universe." Mathematics and Statistics 3.4 (2015) 75 - 88. doi: 10.13189/ms.2015.030401.