Universal Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 3(5), pp. 150 - 154
DOI: 10.13189/ujar.2015.030502
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Survival Strategies of Female Workers: A Study in a Tea Garden of Bangladesh


Md. Kamruzzaman 1,*, Mohammad Ashraful Islam 1, Sohel Rana 2, Muhaiminur Rashid 3
1 Department of Agricultural Extension Education, Sylhet Agricultural University (SAU), Bangladesh
2 Department of Agricultural Economics and Social Sciences, Chittagong Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU), Bangladesh
3 Agriculture Information Service (AIS), Ministry of Agriculture, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh

ABSTRACT

The main objective of the study was to determine the survival strategies adopted by the women tea workers in maintaining livelihood. The study was conducted at tea garden of National Tea Industries, at east Shahi Eidgah of Sylhet Headquarters in Bangladesh. Data were collected from 120 women tea workers by simple random sampling throughout January to February, 2014 using interview schedule as principle tool. Most of the women tea workers (70%) had medium adoption of survival strategies. The mean adopted survival strategies were higher for food, health & hygiene and financial aspect than housing and immediate incidence aspect. Taking less preferred cheap food and avoiding protein enriched costly food item in daily diet was the top ranked survival strategy followed by male cut trees from nearby forest & sells fire wood and drinking salted tea to withstand against scorching sunlight while plucking leaves. Formal education, access to credit and communication media exposure had significant positive relationships with the survival strategies adopted by women tea workers.

KEYWORDS
Survival Strategies, Female Workers, Tea Garden

Cite this paper
Md. Kamruzzaman , Mohammad Ashraful Islam , Sohel Rana , Muhaiminur Rashid (2015). Survival Strategies of Female Workers: A Study in a Tea Garden of Bangladesh. Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, 3 , 150 - 154. doi: 10.13189/ujar.2015.030502.