Chemical and Materials Engineering Vol. 3(2), pp. 23 - 28
DOI: 10.13189/cme.2015.030202
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Effect of Alkali Treatments of Physical and Mechanical Properties of Coir Fiber


Imran S. Musanif *, Adelbert Thomas
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Manado State Polytechnic, Indonesia

ABSTRACT

This study aims to analyze the alkali treatment in improving the quality of the fiber as a reinforcement of natural fiber-based composite. The objects used in this study is that coconut coir fiber cross-sectional area is focused on direct measurements with the aid of a microscope Zeiss Axio Cam ICC and equipped with ZEN 2012 software as well as determining the mechanical properties without alkali treatment. The alkali treatment in the amount of 3 % can decrease the surface wide of fiber to ± 22.78% on the soaking of 1 and 2 hours, meanwhile the soaking of 3,4 and 5 hours decrease to ± 31,14% from the fiber without soaking is 0,032166 ± 0,011354 mm2 . Results of testing the mechanical properties of the fiber which refers to the standard ASTM C 1557 the highest tensile strength of 147.52 MPa occurs on the fiber without alkali treatment and 120.85 MPa in the alkali treatment with immersion 5 hours. A decrease in physical and mechanical properties of the coco fiber due to alkali treatment caused of the release of the components of the binding between the fibers in a single fiber.

KEYWORDS
Alkali Treatment, Cross Section, Coir Fibre

Cite this paper
Imran S. Musanif , Adelbert Thomas (2015). Effect of Alkali Treatments of Physical and Mechanical Properties of Coir Fiber. Chemical and Materials Engineering, 3 , 23 - 28. doi: 10.13189/cme.2015.030202.