Chemical and Materials Engineering Vol. 3(1), pp. 6 - 15
DOI: 10.13189/cme.2015.030102
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Local Clay Mineral in Flame Retardant Finishing of Cotton Fabric


Faheem Uddin *, Tanzeel Areeb , Amjid Hussain , Ayesha Nadeem
Department of Textile Engineering, FE, Baluchistan University of I. T. Engineering and Management Sciences, Pakistan

ABSTRACT

Recently, clay minerals particularly received significant interest in polymer and fiber finishing. Enhanced performance effects are achievable using clay mineral in polymeric material. However, special finishing of fibrous material requires studies for establishing any useful effect or for finish development. Fabric finishing using clay may introduce improved flame retardancy. The aim of this paper is to report the results obtained in the flame retardant cotton finishing using local clay minerals. The two types of local clay samples used in this study are described in terms of the flame retardant effects on bleached cotton fabric. It is an indigenous study of clay reserves of country to explore the effects of prepared clay in textile finishing. Effects of indigenous clay samples were collected and the finished cotton was studied in terms of ease of ignition, standard burning length, observed flame propagation, and the residue formation. The finished fabrics were assessed using vertical flame retardant tester.

KEYWORDS
Clay Mineral, Flame Retardancy, Cotton, Polymer

Cite this paper
Faheem Uddin , Tanzeel Areeb , Amjid Hussain , Ayesha Nadeem (2015). Local Clay Mineral in Flame Retardant Finishing of Cotton Fabric. Chemical and Materials Engineering, 3 , 6 - 15. doi: 10.13189/cme.2015.030102.