Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 3(1), pp. 39 - 45
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2015.030106
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Comparison of Example-based Learning and Problem-based Learning in Engineering Domain


Lai Chee Sern *, Kahirol Mohd Salleh , Nor lisa Sulaiman , Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad , Jailani Md Yunos
Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia

ABSTRACT

The research was conducted to compare the impacts of problem-based learning (PBL) and example-based learning (EBL) on the learning performance in an engineering domain. The research was implemented by means of experimental design. Specifically, a two-group experiment with a pre- and post-test design was used in this research. A total of 37 students were randomly assigned to PBL and EBL groups. A pre- and post test were developed to measure learning performance. In addition, cognitive loads imposed by those learning strategies were gauged using NASA-TLX questionnaire. The results reveal that EBL is a more effective way to enhance learning performance and induces lower cognitive load during the process of learning and answering the test in comparison to PBL.

KEYWORDS
Example-based Learning, Problem-based Learning, Learning Performance, Cognitive Load

Cite this paper
Lai Chee Sern , Kahirol Mohd Salleh , Nor lisa Sulaiman , Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad , Jailani Md Yunos . "Comparison of Example-based Learning and Problem-based Learning in Engineering Domain." Universal Journal of Educational Research 3.1 (2015) 39 - 45. doi: 10.13189/ujer.2015.030106.