Universal Journal of Educational Research Vol. 2(7), pp. 512 - 520
DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2014.020703
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Personality Traits, Self-Esteem and Academic Achievement in Secondary School Students in Campania, Italy


Alda Troncone *, Maria Letizia Drammis , Alida Labella
Department of Psychology, Second University of Naples, Caserta, 81100, Italy

ABSTRACT

For years educators have attempted to identify the effective predictors of scholastic achievement and several personality variables were described as significantly correlated with grade performance. Since one of the crucial practical implications of identifying the factors involved in academic achievement is to facilitate the teaching-learning process, the main variables that have been associated with achievement should be investigated simultaneously in order to provide information as to their relative merit in the population examined. In contrast with this premise, limited research has been conducted on the importance of personality traits and self-esteem on scholastic achievement. To this aim in a sample of 439 subjects (225 males) with an average age of 12.36 years (SD= .99) from three first level secondary school classes of Southern Italy, personality traits, as defined by the Five Factor Model, self-esteem and socioeconomic status were evaluated. The academic results correlated significantly both with personality traits and with some dimensions of self-esteem. Moreover, hierarchical regression analyses brought to light, in particular, the predictive value of openness to experience on academic marks. The results, stressing the multidimensional nature of academic performance, indicate a need to adopt complex approaches for undertaking action addressing students’ difficulties in attaining good academic achievement.

KEYWORDS
Big Five Factors, Personality Traits, Self-Esteem, Socioeconomic Status, Academic Achievement

Cite This Paper in IEEE or APA Citation Styles
(a). IEEE Format:
[1] Alda Troncone , Maria Letizia Drammis , Alida Labella , "Personality Traits, Self-Esteem and Academic Achievement in Secondary School Students in Campania, Italy," Universal Journal of Educational Research, Vol. 2, No. 7, pp. 512 - 520, 2014. DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2014.020703.

(b). APA Format:
Alda Troncone , Maria Letizia Drammis , Alida Labella , (2014). Personality Traits, Self-Esteem and Academic Achievement in Secondary School Students in Campania, Italy. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 2(7), 512 - 520. DOI: 10.13189/ujer.2014.020703.